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These Rebuilt War Emergency Hoppers have shipped to dealers.
Bluford Shops is happy to announce our second run of N scale 2-Bay Rebuilt War Emergency Hoppers. These ready-to-run cars feature die cast slope sheet-hopper bay-center sill assembly; injection molded plastic sides, ends, and hopper doors; fully molded brake tank, valve and air lines; body mounted brake hose detail; load; body mounted magnetically operating knuckle couplers; close coupling; and metal wheels.

The story of these 2-Bay Rebuilt War Emergency Hoppers begins in 1942 when the War Production Board directed car builders to substitute wood for steel wherever possible in car superstructures. The familiar 2-bay “war emergency” composite hopper was a result of this directive. Those cars had wooden side sheets and end slope sheets (although the middle slope sheets remained steel.) This saved a bit over two and a half tons of steel needed elsewhere for the war effort. Unfortunately, the wood boards were considerably thicker than steel sheet which effectively lowered the cubic capacity of the car. While you could build ten composite hoppers with the steel of nine all-steel hoppers, the lower capacity of the composite cars meant you needed more composite cars to carry the same load. During 1944, the directive was set aside and cars that were on order were delivered with the familiar diagonal bracing but with all steel construction. After the war, as composite cars came due for rebulding, the wood side and slope sheets were replaced with steel. A large majority of the composite cars were rebuilt in this manner sometime during the 1950s. Production samples are shown here.

IMPORTANT: In the past, we have packaged hopper runs such as these as singles, 2-packs and 3-packs for a total of 6 road numbers. Beginning with this announcement we are dispensing with the multi-packs and each of the 6 road numbers can now be ordered separately. MSRP: $27.95 each except for the Southern Railway permanently coupled pairs. See below. See our In Stock at Bluford Shops page (the link is to the left) for current availability.
Illinois Central rebuilt their 600 War Emergency hoppers with all-steel parts in 1955 and 1956. The rebuilds were performed at the cars birthplace, Illinois Central’s own Centralia Shops. When originally built as composite side cars, IC was painting their hoppers black but that changed after the war with open top cars adopting the same freight car red used on their boxcars. This is the version depicted on this run. IC returned to black for hoppers in the 1960s.
64090 Illinois Central freight car red - #IC 73324 
64091 Illinois Central freight car red - #IC 73552 
64094 Illinois Central freight car red - #IC 73186
64095 Illinois Central freight car red - #IC 73403 
64097 Illinois Central freight car red - #IC 73010
64098 Illinois Central freight car red - #IC 73279
The first of Louisville & Nashville’s 1,000 car fleet of War Emergency hoppers had their wood siding replaced with steel at the railroad’s South Louisville Shops in 1954. L&N renumbered the cars as they were rebuilt from the 31000 series to the 71000 series. After much of the fleet had been converted in this manner, L&N changed methods and rebuilt the remaining composite hoppers into 8-panel hoppers.
64100 Louisville & Nashville - #L&N 71173
64101 Louisville & Nashville - #L&N 71205
64104 Louisville & Nashville - #L&N 71162
64105 (64015)* Louisville & Nashville - #L&N 71159
64107 Louisville & Nashville - #L&N 71224
64108 Louisville & Nashville - #L&N 71196
*64105 was originally announced as 64015. We are accepting either stock number for this road number. Sorry for the confusion.
Nickel Plate Road’s composite hoppers were not War Emergency cars at all. NKP was one of a very few roads to order wood sided hoppers in the mid-1920s. They began replacing the slope sheets with steel in the 1930s and the first car rolled out of the shops with new steel sides in 1940 with the last of the converted ca completed 14 years later. The last one was retired in 1972. The paint scheme presented here was first applied in 1945.
64110 Nickel Plate Road - #NKP 31435 
64111 Nickel Plate Road - #NKP 31719 
64114 Nickel Plate Road - #NKP 30803 
64115 Nickel Plate Road - #NKP 31661 
64117 Nickel Plate Road - #NKP 30927
64118 Nickel Plate Road - #NKP 31074
The Pennsylvania Railroad began rebuilding their H31B composite hoppers into H31C all-steel cars in 1954. The rebuild program would run for seven years with most of the cars receiving this Shadow Keystone paint scheme.
64120 Pennsylvania shadow keystone - #PRR 221323 64121 Pennsylvania shadow keystone - #PRR 221070 64124 Pennsylvania shadow keystone - #PRR 220945 
64125 Pennsylvania shadow keystone - #PRR 221208 
64127 Pennsylvania shadow keystone - #PRR 220987
64128 Pennsylvania shadow keystone - #PRR 220862
Central of Georgia rebuilt their entire fleet of War Emergency hoppers between 1951 and 1952. They rolled out of the shops in new freight car red paint (replacing the black used on the composite version) and new lettering. Aside from a few cars damaged in wrecks, the fleet was intact when Southern Railway bought control of the CoG in 1963 with many cars remaining in service well into the ‘70s.
64130 Central of Georgia post-1951 - #CG 21725
64131 Central of Georgia post-1951 - #CG 21703
64134 Central of Georgia post-1951 - #CG 21717
64135 Central of Georgia post-1951 - #CG 21734
64137 Central of Georgia post-1951 - #CG 21749
64138 Central of Georgia post-1951 - #CG 21728
Chesapeake & Ohio began rebuilding their fleet of 3,000 War Emergency hoppers in 1952 with the bulk of the fleet converted by the end of 1954. The rebuilding brought a new paint scheme with the stacked name and the first edition of the C&O For Progress logo (in this case, special stencils were made to dodge the diagonal rib.)
64080 Chesapeake & Ohio post-1952 - #C&O 54349 64081 Chesapeake & Ohio post-1952 - #C&O 55051
64084 Chesapeake & Ohio post-1952 - #C&O 54607 64085 Chesapeake & Ohio post-1952 - #C&O 55228
64087 Chesapeake & Ohio post-1952 - #C&O 54983
64088 Chesapeake & Ohio post-1952 - #C&O 54760

These Southern Railway “permanently coupled” pairs of hoppers were an effort by Southern to provide lower rates to customers while not running afoul of the Interstate Commerce Commission. At the time these pairs were conceived in the early ‘60s, the ICC prevented railroads from giving a price break for loading two 50 ton cars to match the allowed price for a single 100 ton car. This was particularly unfair to small customers located on lightly built branch lines. Southern’s response was to make two cars into one by permanently coupling them and assigning the pair a single road number. Permanence was achieved by removing the cut levers on the adjoining ends. The exact number of pairs made from these rebuilt War Emergency hoppers is a mystery because Southern also paired up some 6-panel hoppers and scattered them through the same number series with no distinction between them in the Equipment Register. However, other documentary evidence suggests there were more than 325 of these rebuilt War Emergency pairs. Each package includes both cars of the pair.

64140 Southern permanently coupled pair - #102937  $55.90

64141 Southern permanently coupled pair - #102691  $55.90

64144 Southern permanently coupled pair - #102803  $55.90

64145 Southern permanently coupled pair - #102265  $55.90

64147 Southern permanently coupled pair - #102549  $55.90

64148 Southern permanently coupled pair - #102780  $55.90

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Some of the above pictures show the cars with track, scenery and even other cars for a bit of context. Obviously the cars in question don't include that stuff - but you knew that already.